Prostate Cancer

The prostate gland makes fluid that is part of semen. This gland sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum, and forms a ring around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body.

Prostate cancer happens when normal cells in the prostate gland change into abnormal cells and grow out of control.

Prostate cancer occurs most often in men older than 50. Although This cancer is very common, most men do not die from it. Because this kind of cancer usually grows very slowly.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

This cancer often causes no symptoms at first. But if symptoms do occur, they can include:

  • Needing to urinate more often than usual
  • A urine stream that is slower than usual
  • Difficulty in starting urination
  • Sense of incomplete voiding
  • Retention of urine
  • Blood in urine

Prostate cancer symptoms can also be caused by some conditions. But if you have these symptoms, you should let your doctor know.

Prostate Cancer Investigations


It is a blood test which detects PSA i.e Prostate specific antigen. PSA is raised in this cancer. It may be raised in some other conditions too. So, meet an Urooncologist if your PSA is raised.



Sonography can detect increase in prostate size or any suspicious nodule in prostate.



Transrectal Sonography (TRUS) is a better modality to check for doubtful lesion.


Multiparametric MRI for prostate

Multiparametric MRI uses latest technology and is the best way to find out if there is any doubtful tumour in prostate.

TRUS guided Prostate Biopsy

Sonography is used to precisely take sample from Prostate Tumour. Prostate Biopsy will confirm if there is cancer or not.


Bone scan, chest and Abdominal imaging

These tests are used to know the extent of cancer


It is special PET scan for prostate cancer. It shows if there is any spread of cancer to other sites


Prostate Staging and Treatment options

According to the following parameters, Cancer is grouped into various risk groups.

  • Age
  • PSA
  • Gleason`s score, cores positive (biopsy report)
  • Local extent (MRI report)
  • Regional extent (presence of lymph nodes on MRI)

The main Prostate Cancer Treatment are: